Stocked immunizations Include:
When travelling to certain foreign destinations, you may encounter diseases that you are unfamiliar with that can cause serious illness. Immunization can prevent or reduce the risk of getting some of these diseases.
Yellow Fever: A frequently fatal viral illness spread by mosquitoes. This vaccine may be required for entry into certain countries, and should be given at least 10 days prior to arrival.
Hepatitis A: A viral illness of the liver, generally spread by contaminated food and water. It is common in developing countries. It is rarely fatal but can cause lengthy illness.
Hepatitis B: A sometimes fatal viral illness of the liver, mostly spread by sexual contact and the use of improperly sterilized / unsterilized needles, or intravenous equipment.
Typhoid Fever: A bacterial illness (salmonella typhi); generally spread by food and water, sometimes by food handlers.
Meningitis: A very contagious, frequently fatal, bacterial illness usually spread from person to person.
Travelers diarrhea / dysentery: Diarrhea caused by various different parasites or virus or bacteria. Spread mostly by contaminated food and water. At present the vaccine available only protects against certain bacteria for a short period of time.
Malaria: A parasitic disease spread by mosquitoes. Generally found in warmer climates but occurrence in any one country can vary widely according to such factors as climate conditions (wet/dry; temperature, etc.) altitude, urban/rural settings. Prophylactic medication (pills) generally prevent the illness.
Shingles or Herpes Zoster: a painful rash caused by previous infection with the chicken pox virus, more frequently afflicts the elderly
Tuberculosis: a bacterial illness caused by the tuberculosis bacteria and spread from person to person. The only available immunization is the BCG vaccine which is of arguable value.
Testing for TB is done with the mantoux (purified protein derivative). A 1 or 2 step process is available and each step requires 2 visits to the office, 48 to 72 hours apart. Often required by employers or by health care institutions or schools.
Japanese Encephalitis: a viral illness transmitted by the bite of an infected mosquito
Rabies: a potentially fatal viral illness transmitted by the bite of animals infected by the disease. Found in most areas of the world. Prophylactic vaccination often advised for certain professions and high risk travelers.
Immunization does not necessarily take months to achieve. Substantial benefit can be derived in as little as 10 days and vaccines/medicines given even in the days before departure can be of value.